Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a condition that is develops when bacteria enters and attacks the urinary system. Common points of entry include the reproductive organs or anus. This infection has adverse effects on those that are affected by it thus most people like doing everything that they can to make sure they avoid infection. Having been termed as the second most common problem in children after bed-wetting, and slowly emerging as the second most common concern for adults after respiratory infections, UTI therefore deserves a little more attention than what it has often received. This article shall therefore delve into some of the pertinent questions concerning this infection, including giving all the options available on how to cure a urinary tract infection.
Causes of UTI
Urinary tract infections are caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli attacks the urethra. Apart from a direct invasion by this gut-based bacteria, there are more causes of urinary tract infection that include:
- Deformities in the structure of the urinary tract.
- Irresponsible hygienic practices like wiping from front to back after a long call, especially among women.
- Delaying urination for a long period of time.
- Wearing tight clothes too often, this facilitates the growth of bacteria.
Symptoms of UTI
The following are the symptoms of a Urinary Tract Infection;
- Blood in urine.
- Itchy sensation when urinating.
- Itching around the pubic area.
- Pain when engaging in sex – in women.
- Vaginal discharge.
Kidney infection related signs such as nausea and vomiting, chills and night sweats, fever, skin paleness and fatigue.
There are a number of factors that will probably increase your chances of getting urinary tract infection such as:
- Short urethra in women meaning bacteria can travel much faster to the bladder.
- Increased sexual activity. Women who engage in sex so often have a higher chance of getting a UTI.
- Blockage in the urinary tract. This may be caused by kidney stones which may be trapping urine in the bladder.
- Some types of contraception methods such as those that involve insertions such as coils.
- Urinary tract deformities in children.
How to Cure a UTI
If you have been diagnosed with urinary tract infection, you should urgently get some type of cure before it gets any worse. In some patients, urinary tract infections are recurrent, which is quite stressful and that is why you need to take care of it as soon as the first signs emerge. There are so many ways to cure urinary tract infections although these methods are grouped into three distinct categories which pretty much summarize all you need to know as far as cure for UTI is concerned.
This is advised for patients who have a mild urinary tract infection. It involves improving yourself as a person which should impact positively in terms of getting cured. There are a few things that you could do such as ensuring that you are taking enough water. Taking a lot of water helps in washing away some good amount of bacteria from your body thus decreasing the bacterial count in your urethra. It also reduces the acidity in urine, making its passage painless.
Another change you could make is ensuring that you constantly go for a pee. Yes I know it sounds weird but this too helps to not only reduce the amount of bacteria in your body but also ensure that your bladder is clean thus no bacteria can breed in there.
Also you should try to wear more loosely fitting and breathable clothes. Tight clothes do not give your body enough air thus changing it into a breeding ground for bacteria. Ensure that your inner wear is made of cotton since it is the only material that can facilitate adequate breathing to the pubic area.
Home Remedies for UTI
These can be used by both the serious and mild cases of urinary tract infection. There are a lot of products that you use daily that you probably did not know are the only things you need to get better.
- Yoghurt for one is a very good source of useful bacterial that will combat the bacteria in the urethra causing UTI. So take yoghurt as frequently as you can to facilitate this process.
- Pineapples are another useful remedy since they contain the enzyme Bromelain which reduce inflammation and may thus reduce the symptoms of UTI which causes the urethra to become irritated. Cranberry juice have compound such as proanthocyanidins that help keep away the bacteria from getting to the walls of the urethra which will prevent further infection.
- Baking soda is known as a very strong base and may thus help reduce the acidity of the urine which will help you to pee in an easier manner. You are advised to mix a teaspoon of baking soda with a glass of water and drink it at least twice a day for better results.
- Apple cider vinegar is also used, as it contains enzymes and minerals that prevent the bacteria from multiplying. It is applied by adding two tablespoons to a glass of water containing lemon and sweetened with honey, then drank at least twice a day for a few days.
- Tea tree oil has some antibacterial properties which will help fight the bacteria in the urethra by inhibiting its reproduction. Mix about 10 drops of tea tree oil in your bath and use it to clean the opening area of your urethra which should help keep the bacteria at bay.
- Heat application is one of the ways to help soothe your bladder against inflammation caused by the infection which can be quite uncomfortable. Use a towel or a hot water bottle so as not to burn yourself.
Antibiotics and painkillers
If your infection is quite severe, then you may have to follow the doctor’s prescription and get some antibiotics that could help in getting rid of the bacteria. Some of the antibiotics that doctors usually prescribe include Bactirum, Amoxicillin and Ampicilin just to mention a few. Make sure that you take these exactly as the doctor has prescribed to avoid recurring infection.
You should not ignore a UTI because it can indicate bad things for important organs in your body that directly interact with urinary tract, such as the kidneys.